How to Create and Customize Error Pages for WordPress
I’m a WordPress nerd and as a WordPress nerd, I hate seeing error pages on my site. It means I broke something, but at least I can fix it – visitors can’t and neither can yours, and that’s way worse than any error.
That’s why creating your own custom error pages, including 404 pages, can help make it easier for visitors who stumble across errors on your site and point them in the right direction.
Today, I’ll show you how you can create and customize your own error pages for WordPress with code as well as with plugins.
Create a WordPress Child Theme
Before you get started, you need to create a child theme to safely amend the current theme you’re using. That way, if you need to update your theme, your changes won’t be overwritten.
You can get more details on how to create a child theme by checking out How to Create a WordPress Child Theme and How to Automagically Create Child Themes in WordPress.
Once that’s done, you can start by creating a basic error page.
Create a Basic Error Page
If your theme already has a custom error page such as a 404.php file, you can copy it into your child theme’s folder under /wp-content/themes/your-theme-child/404.php.
If your theme doesn’t have a 404 error page set up, you can create one, but instead of creating an error page from scratch, you can copy your theme’s page.php file to your child theme directory under /wp-content/themes/your-theme-child/.
You can move the file and rename it using FTP or you can choose to accomplish this directly in cPanel. For details on copying and renaming files using cPanel, check out File Manager – Copying and Moving Files and Rename files.
Rename the file to reflect the type of error page you want to create such as 404.php or 403.php.
Customizing Your Pages
Now that you have a basic error page set up, you can customize it to your heart’s content and add helpful and relevant information to your visitors.
You can check out these resources for learning or brushing up on your PHP and CSS skills to create and style your error pages:
- WordPress Development for Beginners: Getting Started
- WordPress Development for Beginners: Learning PHP
- WordPress Development for Beginners: Building Themes
- Learning PHP for WordPress Development: A Comprehensive Guide
- Learning PHP, Deeply: 8 Resources for WordPress Developers
- A Mega Guide to Learning and Referencing CSS for WordPress: 150+ Resources
- 10 Simple Tips for Learning CSS for WordPress
- How to Learn WordPress in a Week (For Free!)
You can also check out File Manager – Creating, Removing, and Editing Files for details on how to edit files directly in cPanel.
Editing Your .htaccess File
Once you have your custom error page all set up, you need to tell WordPress to use the file you made for the corresponding error. This is done by adding an error document rule in your .htaccess file.
You can find your .htaccess file in the root of your site. Edit it to include a similar line to the example below:
Be sure to replace
# with the actual error number,
your-error-file.php for the real name of your document and
directory with the actual path to your custom error file.
Also, if you change your theme at some point in the future, don’t forget to edit this line to include the path to the error documents for your new theme. Otherwise, your error page’s design and layout won’t match your theme.
If you created an error page, WordPress is set up to search for it and use it automatically when an error pops up on your site, but it doesn’t hurt to add it to your .htaccess file as a safety measure to be doubly sure WordPress knows where to find it.
No Code, No Worries!
If you prefer not to touch code, you can install and use a plugin to take care of your error pages for you.
Here are the best plugins available for customizing your error pages. They’re all updated regularly and work well.
With this plugin, you can set any page you want to be your 404 error page. That means you can create a page as you normally would through your admin dashboard, then turn it into your error page with this plugin. No coding needed.
It also lets search engines know not to index pages that return the 404 error to help protect your SEO ranking.
The Custom Error Pages plugin lets you create custom 404 and 403 error pages. It has been created to work with any theme and once you set it up initially with your custom error pages, you don’t have to touch it or worry about it again.
With this plugin, you can create a lightweight 404 error page so it loads quickly when visitors land on it. Optionally, you can also set up redirects so visitors are automatically sent elsewhere to help protect your search engine ranking.
The WordPress Ultimate 404 plugin lets you create a custom 404 error page. You can also choose from several pre-made error pages and optionally set up redirects so visitors don’t ever have to land on the error page.
What’s special about this plugin is it also records the URL your visitors were trying to reach when they came across the error so you can better identify the popular pages that need fixing.
Now you know how to create a custom error page. It can take a bit of doing, but it’s worth it for your visitors since you can customize the page to offer more information about the error.
Rather than getting a page with a one-liner that doesn’t explain what happened, you can offer your visitors more guidance and point them in the right direction.