This guide covers how to locate and understand the analytics data we provide for all websites hosted on WPMU DEV Managed WordPress Hosting.
After reading this guide, if you still have questions regarding how to make the most of the analytics data we provide, don’t hesitate to start a live chat with our hosting support Superheroes or submit a support ticket using the Support tab of the Hub.
Analytics data for any site is located under the Analytics tab of that site’s Hosting manager.
Within the Analytics tab, site data is broken down into three categories, each with its own tab:
- Live Stats – real-time resources and usage information
- Storage Stats – the amount of storage used and remaining
- Visitors – Traffic analytics and how it is impacting bandwidth
7.1 Live StatsLink to chapter 1
The Live Stats dashboard provides an overview of site health and performance in realtime. A spike in traffic or reduced performance can be indicators of an attack or the need to upgrade to a larger plan.
Here is a brief description of the Live Stats metrics and what they track:
- CPU (Central Processing Unit) – This is the server load being generated by your website at any given moment
- Used RAM – The Random Access Memory, or physical memory, being used by your website
- Disk Read – Load put on the hard drive of the server by content being read (generally not a very intensive task)
- Disk Write – Load put on the hard drive of the server by content being written
- Net Inbound – Amount of data being received by the network
- Net Outbound – Amount of data being sent to your network at any given time
- Page Gen – How long it takes to run the PHP code and generate the HTML page that is sent to the user
- DB Queries – Number of queries being made to your database
- PHP – Counts PHP requests only
- All Web – Requests per second being currently served (this accounts for all the pages and all assets requested from the server)
- Object-Cache Gets – Measures the number of requests that are a hit to object cache
- Used Object-Cache – Caching data and objects in the RAM for speeding up your site
Contact Support for help analyzing long-term, irregular performance or slower than expected load times for your website.
7.2 StorageLink to chapter 2
The term “Storage” refers specifically to the SSD storage capacity provided with each of our hosting plans. Features like dedicated RAM, CPUs and bandwidth are essential performance factors but have no impact on storage capacity or usage.
The Storage tab displays storage usage and available storage for your individual site. See our Storage documentation for a thorough discussion of each.
- Production Files
- Production Database
- Staging Files
- Staging Database
- Backups Overhead
- SSH/SFTP Home Dirs
Check available hosting plans for increasing storage space.
7.3 TrafficLink to chapter 3
The Traffic tab tracks:
Visits – The number of unique IP addresses in the access log in a 24-hour period, excluding common bots. The purpose is to approximate traffic-generated server load to help decide which hosting plan you may need.
Requests – Requests are a count of any dynamic request that hits PHP on your server. This includes bots and is a good measure of what is actually generating your server load.
Bandwidth Usage – Total bandwidth usage and the daily average for the period selected.
Use the date range selector to quickly toggle between stats for:
- Current billing period
- Past 7 days
- Past 30 days
- Past 90 days
- Past Year
7.3.1 Defining Visits and RequestsLink to chapter 3
In simplest terms, Visits are the number of unique IP addresses that accessed your site during the selected time period, minus static files like images. We exclude static activity because a complete page load seldom occurs when a static asset is the target.
The Requests stat is the total number of times your site’s pages were viewed during the selected time period including all bot traffic because it gives more accurate management of requests that affect server load. A single visit may involve multiple Requests.
In practice, it works like this: A unique IP address accesses your site and fully loads a page. That counts as a Visit and Request. If that same IP address then loads another page on your site, it’s not a new visit, but it does count as a Request.
The Visits stats displayed in the Analytics Overview include both the total number of unique visits to your site during the past 30-days (4,416 in the example below), and the average number of visitors per day (147 in the example below).
The Requests stats displayed in the Analytics Overview include both the total number of requests during the past 30-days (28,342 in the example below), and the average number of requests per day (945 in the example below).
7.4 Server Analytics vs GA/JetpackLink to chapter 4
One of the most common questions regarding our Hosting Analytics is: Why do my Hosting Analytics stats differ from those provided by Google Analytics or Jetpack?
Our server-side stats will always differ from third-party analytics services like Google Analytics (GA) and Jetpack, because our servers track activity by IP address, whereas third-party services do so by setting a cookie.
Every IP address that accesses your site is recorded in our server logs. We display the results as Visits and Requests on the Analytics page of your Hosting Overview. The criteria for a legitimate visit is described in the Defining Visits and Requests section of this document.
Another example, specific to GA, involves the tracking codes which must be present on any page you want to be tracked. If a tracking code is incorrect or absent from a given landing page, visits to that page will be recorded by our servers but not by GA.
Finally, there are bots, and while not all bots are bad bots, they do impact the load on your server, so we count them. GA and Jetpack will ignore identifiable bot traffic if you tell them to. Still, if a bot successfully spoofs a legitimate user from time to time, that can contribute to discrepancies in your stats.
If you find configuring Google Analytics intimidating but would like a simple way to activate it on your site, we developed our plugin Beehive Pro (also available free on WordPress.org). The plugin walks you through configuring GA for either a single site or Multisite network and displays your analytics data in your site or network dashboard.
7.5 Understanding BandwidthLink to chapter 5
The bandwidth provided with your hosting plan represents the maximum amount of data that can be transferred to and from your site or network at any given time.
Your bandwidth stats are displayed along with your traffic stats in the Analytics Overview to make it easy to analyze how site activity impacts your bandwidth usage.
The Bandwidth stats displayed in the Analytics Overview include both the total bandwidth used during the past 30 days (646.4 MB in the example below) and the average bandwidth used per day (21.5 MB in the example below).
The classic bandwidth analogy is that of a highway, where the highway is your available bandwidth and the cars are data. Most of the time traffic moves smoothly, entering and exiting the highway with ease. If too many cars enter the highway at one time, however, traffic backs up.
We do not set hard limits on site traffic, but sites that exceed their hosting plans’ recommended traffic levels will experience performance issues. That’s why we provide recommended visit levels for each plan to help you determine which plan will be right for you.
7.5.1 Estimating Bandwidth NeedsLink to chapter 5
It is difficult to predict how much bandwidth you need unless you are an experienced web admin. Usually, at least a couple of months of accumulated data are required to make a reliable estimate. Once you have some good data to work with, calculating your bandwidth requirements is relatively easy.
If you manage multiple stand-alone sites on one account or a multisite network the following calculations must include all sites.
First, multiply your average daily visits by the average requests per visitor. For sites we host, these stats are available in the Analytics Overview.
Next, multiply the results from the first step by your site’s average page size. Calculating average page size can be accomplished simply with an online site analyzer like GTmetrix.
If your site offers downloads then you’ll need to multiply how many downloads occur each month by the average file size. Add that figure to the total from the first two steps.
The result of these calculations is your minimum monthly bandwidth needs, the operative word being minimum. You should always have more bandwidth than you need to avoid performance issues or even outages when your site experiences a surge in traffic.
We recommend maintaining at least twice the minimum required bandwidth because surges in traffic tend to be exponential. The last thing you want is performance issues when your site is “hot”. Not only do you miss the chance to attract new visitors, but you also risk turning off existing users.
7.5.2 Avoiding DowntimeLink to chapter 5
If we host your site you’ve already taken an important step toward avoiding bandwidth-related downtime because our hosting plans do not skimp on bandwidth. Even our Bronze plan provides 1TB of bandwidth.
Here are some other steps you can take:
- Monitor your bandwidth – You can’t anticipate problems if you aren’t paying attention. Periodically check your bandwidth usage stats in the Analytics Overview, paying particular attention to periods of peak usage.
- Optimize Images – Images are critical to an attractive site, but they can bloat a site faster than just about anything else. Our Smush Pro image optimization plugin can automatically optimize and resize every image in any directory the moment it’s uploaded, saving space and bandwidth. Read The Ultimate Guide to Image Optimization to gain a thorough understanding of the importance of image optimization.
- Host Videos Elsewhere – Hosting audio and video files are rarely worth the space they require. Not only do they eat up resources, but they also increase your backup size tremendously, making it difficult to restore WordPress from backup. Instead, you should use an audio and video hosting service like YouTube, Vimeo, SoundCloud, etc.
- Use a CDN – A CDN, or a Content Delivery Network, is a cluster of servers located in data centers around the world that specialize in caching content to improve site speed and reduce the burden on the servers that actually host your site. While a CDN, like Cloudflare, might be overkill for the average blog, large multisite networks and e-commerce sites are relying on them more and more to reduce the chances of bandwidth-related outages. Read Why You Should Be Using a CDN to help you determine if a CDN is right for you.